Climate Change

Will climate change cause intra-state conflicts? Many policymakers say yes, but researchers have failed to identify significant, consistent connections between climate change and contention. My work explains this inconsistency, proposes methodological changes, and encourages researchers to be more attentive to alternative social responses to climate change, such as innovation and adaptation.

Oil and Natural Gas

Do countries fight over control of oil and natural gas resources? My research argues that the threat of international “resource wars” has been overstated. Petroleum resources have never been the fundamental reason for international militarized aggression. Instead, countries frequently cooperate to manage transboundary petroleum reservoirs.

Nuclear Energy

How do countries acquire uranium resources and what are the consequences for international and human security? My research examines the “uranium wars” of Sub-Saharan Africa and the relationships between developing countries’ nuclear energy demands and energy security within the continent.